Ganesha Strotram

Preparing Modak for Ganesh Chaturthi

Modak preparation for Ganesh Chaturthi

Modak preparation for Lord Ganesha

Modak is a traditional Indian sweet delicacy that holds significant cultural and religious importance, particularly during the festival of Ganesh Chaturthi. It is considered as Lord Ganesha’s favorite food and is offered to Him as a special offering.

The word “Modak” is derived from the Sanskrit word “Moda,” which means happiness or pleasure. Modak is shaped like a dumpling or a small pyramid and is made with a sweet filling encased in a rice flour or wheat flour outer covering. The filling typically consists of grated coconut, jaggery (unrefined cane sugar), and sometimes includes other ingredients like dry fruits, nuts, and cardamom for added flavor.

The outer covering of Modak is made by kneading rice flour or wheat flour with hot water or milk to form a soft and pliable dough. Small portions of the dough are flattened and filled with the sweet coconut-jaggery mixture. The edges are then sealed by pinching them together to create a distinctive shape.

Modak can be prepared by either steaming or deep-frying, depending on the regional variation and personal preference. Steamed Modak, also known as “Ukadiche Modak,” is the most traditional and widely made variety. It is considered healthier as it involves steaming the Modak, which retains more nutrients. Fried Modak, on the other hand, has a crispy texture and is popular in certain regions.

Modak is not only a delicious sweet treat but also holds symbolic significance. The shape of Modak is said to represent Lord Ganesha’s rounded belly and is believed to bring good fortune and blessings. It is also associated with wisdom, knowledge, and spiritual bliss.

During Ganesh Chaturthi, Modak is prepared as an offering to Lord Ganesha and is distributed among devotees as prasad (blessed food). It is a time-honored tradition that signifies the devotion and love towards the Elephant-headed God.

Modak is cherished by people of all ages and is enjoyed not only during the festive season but also as a special dessert throughout the year. Its unique flavors, textures, and the joy it brings make it a beloved sweet in Indian cuisine.

How to prepare modak for Ganesh Chaturthi

Preparing Modak, a sweet delicacy, is an essential part of Ganesh Chaturthi celebrations. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to prepare Modak:


  • 1 cup rice flour
  • 1 cup water
  • 1 cup grated coconut
  • 1 cup jaggery (or sugar)
  • 1/2 teaspoon cardamom powder
  • Ghee (clarified butter) for greasing
  • Pinch of salt


  1. Prepare the Filling:

    • Heat a pan on medium heat and add grated coconut and jaggery (or sugar) to it.
    • Stir continuously until the jaggery melts and blends well with the coconut.
    • Add cardamom powder for flavoring and mix well.
    • Cook the mixture for a few more minutes until it thickens slightly.
    • Remove from heat and let the filling cool down.
  2. Prepare the Dough:

    • In a separate pan, boil water with a pinch of salt.
    • Once the water starts boiling, reduce the heat to low and add rice flour gradually.
    • Stir quickly and continuously to prevent lumps from forming.
    • Cook the mixture for a few minutes until the dough forms and starts coming together.
    • Remove from heat and allow it to cool slightly.
  3. Shape the Modak:

    • Grease your palms with ghee to prevent sticking.
    • Take a small portion of the dough and shape it into a ball.
    • Flatten the ball using your fingers to form a small disc-like shape.
    • Place a spoonful of the prepared filling in the center of the disc.
    • Bring the edges together and pinch them to seal, forming a pyramid-like shape with a pointed tip. Repeat for the remaining dough and filling.
  4. Steam the Modak:

    • Grease a steamer plate or a steamer basket with ghee.
    • Arrange the prepared Modak on the plate or in the basket, leaving some space between each.
    • Steam the Modak for about 10-15 minutes or until they become slightly translucent and firm.
    • Remove the Modak from the steamer and allow them to cool down.
  5. Offer and Serve:

    • Offer the Modak to Lord Ganesha as a traditional offering during the puja.
    • You can also serve Modak as a sweet treat for family and friends.
    • They can be stored in an airtight container and consumed within a few days.

Modak is considered a favorite sweet of Lord Ganesha and holds special significance during Ganesh Chaturthi. Enjoy the process of making Modak and savor the deliciousness of this festive treat!

Types of modak

There are various types of Modak, each with its unique flavors and fillings. Here are some popular types of Modak:

  1. Ukadiche Modak: Ukadiche Modak is the traditional and most common type of Modak made during Ganesh Chaturthi. It has a rice flour outer shell and a sweet coconut and jaggery filling. It is steamed and often garnished with ghee.

  2. Fried Modak: Fried Modak is a deep-fried version of Modak. The outer covering is made from wheat flour or all-purpose flour and is stuffed with a sweet filling of coconut, jaggery, and nuts. It has a crispy texture and is popular in some regions.

  3. Chocolate Modak: Chocolate Modak is a modern variation of the traditional Modak. It is made by mixing melted chocolate with grated coconut, condensed milk, and other flavorings. It offers a delightful twist to the traditional recipe, especially loved by children.

  4. Dry Fruit Modak: Dry Fruit Modak is a rich and nutritious variation. The filling consists of a mixture of finely chopped or ground dry fruits such as almonds, cashews, pistachios, raisins, and dates. It is often sweetened with jaggery or condensed milk.

  5. Mawa Modak: Mawa (khoya) Modak is made by cooking mawa (reduced milk solids) with sugar, cardamom, and other flavorings until it thickens. It is then shaped into Modak and can be garnished with nuts or silver vark.

  6. Kesari Modak: Kesari Modak is a saffron-flavored version of Modak. It is made by mixing roasted semolina (sooji) with sugar, ghee, saffron strands, and cardamom powder. The mixture is then shaped into Modak and allowed to cool.

  7. Coconut Jaggery Modak: Coconut Jaggery Modak is a simple yet delicious variation. It is made by combining freshly grated coconut with jaggery and cooking until the mixture thickens. The filling is then shaped into Modak.

These are just a few examples of the many types of Modak that you can find. The choice of Modak can vary based on regional preferences and personal tastes. The wide variety of Modak ensures that there is something for everyone to enjoy during the auspicious occasion of Ganesh Chaturthi.

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